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Psoriasis: Causes, Triggers, Treatment

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A skin disorder that causes redness and itchiness in skin patches usually on the skin of elbows, trunk and scalp is called psoriasis. Psoriasis is long term commonly found disease which has no cure till date.

The disease is not spreadable. It usually goes through loops, flares for a few weeks or months, subsidies or remissions. To relieve the symptoms, Psoriasis treatments are available. To live an easier life with psoriasis, bring a change in your lifestyle that helps you ease the symptoms of the disease.

Symptoms of Psoriasis

The symptoms of the disease can differ from one individual to another. Common symptoms and signs are:

    • Joints get stiffed and swollen.
    • Red patches of skin formed with silvery, thick scales.
    • Nails get pitted, thick, and ridged.
    • Small spots of scaling (frequently found in children)
    • Formation of dry, cracked skin which might bleed on scratching or itching of dry skin.
    • Burning, sore or itching sensation
    • Patches of psoriasis can vary from some spots of dandruff like scaling to an eruption of large area that covers majority of the skin. Lower back, elbows, knees, legs and sole of the feet, your scalp and palm of hands, face are most affected areas.

Psoriasis Causes

Psoriasis is considered to be a problem interlinked with the immune system, which regeneration of skin in a quicker rate than the normal.

One of the most common types of psoriasis is called plaque psoriasis. In plaque psoriasis, the turnover of cells is rapid which causes the formation of scales and patches on skin.

It is not completely clear what causes the immune system to fail. According to the researcher’s genetics and environmental factors play an important role. The disease is not spreadable.

Psoriasis triggers

Majority of the people with psoriasis do not have any symptoms, until the disease is trigged by an environmental factor. The common triggers of psoriasis are:

  • Infections, such as strep throat or skin infections
  • Infections for example skin or strep throat infections.
  • Heavy drinking of alcohol
  • Instant withdrawal of systemic corticosteroids or oral.
  • Exposure to smoking environmentor smoking.
  • Cold or dry weather
  • Stress
  • Skin injuries for example a bug bite, severe sunburn or cut.
  • Specific medicines for example lithium, medicines of high blood pressure and antimalaria.

Psoriasis Treatment

Treatment of psoriasis targets on stopping the cells of skin from growing rapidly and to eliminate scales. Multiple treatments are available from creams to ointments (known as topical therapy), injected or oral medicines, light therapy (known as phototherapy). The new psoriasis treatment 2020 includes different medications and topical therapies.

Topical therapy

·         Corticosteroids

If a person is suffering from mild to moderate psoriasis, these medicines are usually prescribed. The medicines are available in the form of ointments, creams, gels, lotions, sprays, foams, and shampoos.

Hydrocortisone is a mild corticosteroid ointment, often recommended for delicate areas for example your face or folds of skin. It helps to cure patches which are extended over a wide area.

·         Vitamin D analogues

Synthetic types of Vitamin D for example calcipotropin and calcitriol (Vectical), help to slow the development of skin cell. The medicine may be used on its own or with topical corticosteroids.

In sensitive areas, calcitriol can create less irritation. Synthetic types of vitamin D are more costly in comparison to topical corticosteroids.

Psoriasis treatment cream (Retinoids)

Grahams Natural Psoriasis Cream 75 g is applied as a gel and cream one or twice every day.

Salicylic acid

Shampoos designed with salicylic acids and scalp solutions help to eliminate the scaling caused due to scalp psoriasis.  It can be used alone or with other medicines to improve the skin penetration capacity of them.

Light therapy


In short, regular sunlight exposures (known as heliotherapy)might be effective to treat psoriasis.

Consult your doctor about the best way to use natural light for treating psoriasis before starting sunlight treatments.

UVB broadband

Controlled UVB broadband light doses from a source of artificial light can be used for the treatment of single patches, psoriasis spread wide over skin or psoriasis that show no sign of improvement with topical treatments.

Redness, scratching and dry skin can be short-term side effects. Moisturizing the skin everyday will help ease the symptoms of psoriasis.

How to cure psoriasis permanently?

If you want to cure the psoriasis permanently then you should take the medications, follow the tips, and take precautions also.

Alternative medicine

·         Aloe extract cream

It is extracted from the leaves of aloe vera plant. The aloe vera cream is found effective in reducing itching, inflammation, and scaling of skin. You can apply cream multiple times in a day for about a month or more and then compare if there is any improvement in the skin.

·         Fish oil supplements

UVB therapy combined with fish oil therapy can cure the amount of affected skin. Fish oil is applied on the skin which is affected and let the affected skin covered with dressing for about 6 hours every day for almost four weeks. This can be an effective for treating scaling.

·         Oregon grape

Barberry also known as Oregon grape is used on the skin and helps to eliminate the severity of psoriasis.

·         Essential oils

In aromatherapy essential oils are used which are found effective in reducing stress and anxiety.

Creams & Lotions To Treat Psoriasis

·         Psoriasis treatment diet

You should eat the foods that fight against inflammations and have anti-inflammatory properties. Foods include in psoriasis treatment diet are:

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